Optimization Design and Performance Evaluation of R1234yf Ejectors for Ejector-Based Refrigeration Systems

  • Автор: Meihong Yu, Chen Wang, Lei Wang, Hongxia Zhao
  • Год издания: 2022
  • Язык: английский

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With the increasingly serious energy and environmental problems, the R1234yf ejector refrigeration system (ERS) shows great development potential in the refrigeration industry due to its simplicity, low maintenance costs and environmentally friendly nature. However, poor ejector performance has always been the main bottleneck for system applications. In order to overcome this problem, this paper proposes a design method for R1234yf ejectors based on the gas dynamic method and optimizes the geometrical parameters including the area ratio (AR) and nozzle exit position (NXP) to improve its performance through the control variable optimization algorithms. Based on the validated simulation model, the results show that the entrainment ratio increases initially and then decreases with the increase in AR and NXP, respectively; the AR has a significant effect on the shock wave position in the mixing chamber and the NXP can directly influence the expansion state of motive fluid; the ejector performance increases by about 17% over the initial entrainment ratio by the control variable optimization algorithms. This work can guide the R1234yf ejector design and promote the development of the ERS with environmentally friendly working fluids.