Автор: Gluesenkamp Kyle R., Nawaz K.
Год: 2021Язык: АнглийскийТип: Статьи
Energy efficiency and thermal comfort can be improved by independent control of temperature and humidity. In recent work, an emerging class of cooling systems known as separate sensible and latent cooling (SSLC) systems have demonstrated 14 to 47% energy savings, while simultaneously providing better comfort control than conventional air conditioning. In this work, SSLC is defined as using two or more cooling processes with unequal sensible heat ratio (SHR) to control temperature and humidity independently and dynamically. Fundamental efficiency limits of SSLC systems are developed for the first time, demonstrating that the Carnot efficiency for SSLC is higher than that of conventional systems. It is revealed that SSLC has particularly high potential for moderate outdoor temperatures, high sensible building loads, and drier indoor conditions. In addition, this work proposes a classification scheme for SSLC systems, revealing an enormous number of feasible cycle permutations. This provides a framework for the important research task of developing SSLC systems that will save energy, be practical to construct, and be controllable.